As AI becomes a larger part of legal services, many significant policy questions are being posed and addressed by governments and legal organizations around the world. Governments seek to establish an equitable approach by developing international guidelines.

One crucial consideration in using AI systems ethically and not exacerbating existing biases in society. Although this may seem like an impossible feat, doing so is key to maintaining our just justice system and protecting its fairness.

What is AI?

AI (Artificial Intelligence) is an emerging technology that applies data science and advanced computing techniques to improve how humans perform tasks. AI can automate repetitive tasks while speeding up product/business process improvement by making better decisions faster than humans could alone.

Image showing Artificial Intelligence initials to show and demonstrate the usage of the word AI.
Image Credit: Pixabay

Uses of AI

AI can be applied in many different areas, but the three most prominent applications are automation, enhancement and analysis. Automation plays a pivotal role in AI by saving time and increasing productivity while decreasing human error.

AI also helps companies deliver an improved customer experience and more accurate product recommendations, and many large e-commerce players have already implemented AI technology through product recommendation engines and chatbots.

These technologies aim to enhance customer experience and increase revenue, as well as streamline processes and operations, freeing up human resources.

AI remains an invaluable tool for improving business and innovation processes, providing automation of tedious processes and tasks while eliminating human errors while offering 24/7 services.

The Nature of Patent Prosecution

Patent prosecution refers to the process of obtaining a patent from a government authority, typically a patent office. It involves a series of interactions and communications between a patent applicant or their representative (such as a patent attorney) and the patent office. The goal of patent prosecution is to secure the grant of a patent by demonstrating the invention’s novelty, usefulness, and non-obviousness, as well as ensuring compliance with the requirements of patent law.

The Stages of Patent Prosecution

During patent prosecution, the patent application undergoes several stages, including filing, examination, and potentially, appeals or amendments. The patent attorney or agent representing the applicant interacts with the patent examiner assigned to the case, addressing any issues or objections raised by the examiner regarding the patentability of the invention.

This may involve submitting arguments, amendments to the claims or specifications, or providing additional evidence or documentation to support the patent application. The process continues until a final decision is reached, either resulting in the grant of a patent or the rejection of the application. Successful patent prosecution requires a combination of legal knowledge, technical expertise, strategic planning, and effective communication with the patent office.

Image showing what a patent prosecution session potentially looks like.
Image Credit: Pixabay

How AI is used to Assist Patent Drafting

Artificial intelligence (AI) can be an invaluable asset when it comes to patent drafting, as it can generate diagrammatic patent drawings & claim terms without human intervention. AI algorithms are capable of producing these patent drawings & terms automatically.

Patent professionals can benefit significantly from using this approach to quickly produce accurate, error-free patent drawings that accurately depict an invention while making claims identification simpler for another patent professional. Furthermore, this allows them to reduce errors such as grammar or formatting inconsistencies which arise during patent drafting.

Mixed Views on AI Patent Drafting

Legal practitioners may have mixed views regarding using such tools in their patent drafting practices; others believe they can speed up, reduce costs and enhance quality. It should be noted, however, that such systems cannot serve as replacements for registered patent attorneys or agents.

Artificial Intelligence (AI)-powered patent prosecution practices is an exciting new way to improve quality and efficiency in practice. As the industry moves towards digitalization, these AI tools will become essential components of efficient patent administration systems.

Provide client-centered experience with AI prosecution tool

Artificial Intelligence tools offer legal professionals an opportunity to streamline tasks, saving them time they can use to focus on helping clients or taking on additional billable work. However, legal software featuring AI must be created with fairness, accountability and transparency at its core.

China already uses AI tools like System 206 to evaluate evidence and assess whether a suspect poses any danger to society, but this tool only fulfils one limited function; Shi and his team explain in their paper.

Shi and his team believe the machine would also need to be capable of identifying and removing irrelevant information in case files, while translating human language into an understandable format for computers. According to them, this would require extensive training and upgrades.

Researchers from the Chinese Academy of Sciences’s Big Data and Knowledge Management Lab led by professor Shi Yong created this tool, which allows criminal charges to be brought based on human-generated text from 17,000 criminal cases between 2015-20. As reported by SCMP, it can identify charges from an automated process of 1,000 ‘traits’ of human-generated case descriptions received during training from those cases between 2015 and 2020, according to SCMP.

Image showing robotic computer usage to demonstrate the idea of AI patent prosecution tool.
Image Credit: Pixabay

Other uses of AI in Due Diligence

AI will never fully replace human workers, but it can provide value in certain areas – like document review. AI can speed and enhance accuracy of analysis processes using their computational knowledge.

Many companies are turning to AI technology in order to analyze patent documents. AI helps attorneys quickly locate important details, detect patterns in data analysis, and assess potential threats of litigation.

However, AI tools cannot replace the intuition and judgment of lawyers. Therefore, it is crucial that quality AI tools comply with all privacy and data protection laws.

AI should also be evaluated in terms of potential risks associated with it, including liability concerns, regulatory burdens and changes to national security rules.

AI can transform how businesses are done. It can cut costs, speed up processes and give businesses an edge against their competition; ensure data safety; assess operations impact on shareholders/clients/risk profiles etc. This makes AI an invaluable component of due diligence processes that help organizations understand company strengths/weaknesses before acquisitions/mergers take place.


AI can assist attorneys in sorting through data haystacks to uncover patterns and nuances otherwise difficult to discern. Such details are vitally important when it comes to winning cases, making AI training essential.

As AI becomes an increasing trend in eDiscovery, it is important to carefully assess both its risks and benefits before adopting it. This includes making sure it can be understood by all parties involved as well as by courts.

Time and Resource Efficiency

One way AI can assist legal teams is with time and resource efficiency is technology-assisted review, which uses AI to expedite classification, tagging and relevancy checks of documents by automatically learning rules related to each particular document type.

This can be accomplished much more quickly and accurately than manually combing through boxes of documents by multiple junior lawyers, and also ensures consistent review results.

Legal teams can benefit from AI by having it detect foreign-language content and translate it automatically, saving attorneys valuable time reviewing documents written in languages they don’t speak.

AI technology also helps attorneys ease the strain of withholding confidential or sensitive information during litigation proceedings. This can be a time-consuming task; therefore, using AI to save both time and costs.

Prior Art Searches

AI has greatly advanced the process of conducting prior art searches in patent prosecution. Traditionally, prior art searches involved manually reviewing large volumes of patent databases, scientific literature, and other relevant resources to identify existing patents and publications that could impact the patentability of an invention. However, AI-powered tools have revolutionized this process by leveraging natural language processing and machine learning algorithms to automate and enhance the search capabilities. AI algorithms can quickly analyze and categorize vast amounts of data, significantly speeding up the search process and increasing the efficiency of identifying relevant prior art.

AI-powered prior art search tools can also improve the accuracy and comprehensiveness of the search results. These tools can understand complex technical concepts and analyze patent language to identify relevant patents and publications more accurately. By leveraging machine learning techniques, AI algorithms can continuously learn and improve their search capabilities, ensuring that they stay up to date with the evolving patent landscape. This enables patent attorneys to have a more comprehensive understanding of the existing technology and make well-informed decisions regarding the patentability of an invention.

Image conveying the idea of conducting a prior art search.
Image Credit: Pixabay

Moreover, AI can assist in uncovering hidden or non-obvious prior art that may not be easily discoverable through traditional search methods. AI algorithms can identify patterns, similarities, and relationships across different patents and publications, helping to uncover prior art references that might have been overlooked by human researchers. By leveraging AI-powered tools, patent attorneys can conduct more thorough and exhaustive prior art searches, reducing the risk of missed relevant references and strengthening the patent application’s validity and enforceability.

Legal Research

Legal research can be an arduous task that requires searching through thousands of documents for relevant information. AI solutions allow lawyers to review large volumes more quickly while quickly spotting errors that would otherwise go undetected by human researchers.

Many lawyers find these solutions more efficient than manual processes and can save them money by cutting back on research expenses.

Machine learning algorithms can sift through large datasets quickly, while being trained on existing knowledge to deliver relevant results. When combined with legal research activities, machine learning algorithms provide a valuable source of legal research activities.

Such tools can assist attorneys in identifying patents of defendants and deciding if companies can legally use them. Furthermore, they can help predict case outcomes and offer advice to attorneys for effective strategies to use during litigation proceedings.

Though these technologies hold much promise for legal professionals, they should proceed cautiously when using them without first conducting tests to make sure that they’re accurate and reliable. Just like human experts, AI systems may make mistakes as well; AI-powered systems should never replace human expertise but instead serve only to guide or assist.

Document Management and Automation

Document automation can benefit any organization that creates or processes large volumes of documents. This could include businesses dealing with contracts, legal agreements, hiring forms, financial documents and healthcare forms among many others.

Real estate agents and property management companies utilizing document automation systems often rely on document automation software to automate contract creation for tenants and lease agreements. By using templates, they can collect information unique to each lease such as tenant name and rent amount before uploading it securely into their repository and updating as necessary.

Templates also enable organizations to personalize customer and lead experiences, for instance when sending documents directly to potential clients in order to establish more personal connections and foster greater trust between parties involved.

Image Credit: Pixabay

Document automation systems also enable firms and law firms to incorporate the specialized knowledge of employees into the documents that are generated, thus protecting valuable knowledge in case new hires join their firm or law practice. This way, when someone leaves or moves onto another position they don’t lose all this important experience.

Document automation software can assist lawyers in improving client interactions and increasing efficiency by decreasing paperwork and improving communication with their clients. Additionally, document automation software reduces costs associated with document preparation and distribution – saving both money and time for their practice.


The impact of AI on patent prosecution has been undeniably positive. AI-powered tools have revolutionized prior art searches, enhancing the efficiency, accuracy, and comprehensiveness of the search process. By leveraging natural language processing and machine learning algorithms, these tools can quickly analyze vast amounts of data, identify relevant prior art references, and provide valuable insights to patent attorneys. This not only saves time and resources but also improves the quality and validity of patent applications, helping inventors protect their innovations more effectively.

Furthermore, AI has transformed the drafting and analysis of patent applications. AI-powered software can assist in generating patent claims, drafting patent specifications, and analyzing the strength and patentability of an invention. By automating these processes, AI enables patent attorneys to craft stronger applications, identify potential issues or inconsistencies, and make well-informed decisions throughout the patent prosecution process. Additionally, AI streamlines patent portfolio management by automating administrative tasks and providing valuable insights into the value and strategic positioning of patents within a portfolio.

With these advancements, AI has emerged as a powerful ally for patent attorneys, augmenting their capabilities, improving efficiency, and enhancing outcomes in patent prosecution. By embracing AI technologies, patent professionals can navigate the complex patent landscape more effectively, protect intellectual property rights more efficiently, and contribute to innovation in a rapidly evolving technological landscape. As AI continues to advance, we can expect even greater benefits and opportunities for patent prosecution, ultimately fostering innovation and driving progress in various industries.