Water desalinator utilizes solar concentration, evaporation, humidification to mimic the natural cycle of hydrological cycles. It creates freshwater from brackish, salt and brines as well as a concentrate stream for further processing. A basin can be used to store and absorb feed water. The process of evaporation and storage water within the basin results in surface humidity. Lenses are used to focus sunlight, tracked by the sun’s path, based on biomimicry of a sunflower, on a thermal conductor. The thermal conductor has an elongated side-profile, and produces a variable temperature across its radius. In order to produce water vapour, water is then pumped from the basin into a sprinkler head. This water vapour consequently mixes with the air in the reaction vessel to increase the humidity of the system. The humid air is then removed from the reaction vessel, and then condensed by condenser. Accordingly, the salinity concentration of input water is reduced in the output of the vessel that is used for reaction. Multiple reaction vessels or concentrators may be combined to achieve improved performance.
The majority of the water that flows through the world is saltwater. As access to fresh water supplies (for drinking, irrigation and industrial uses) continues to be an issue throughout the world, the ability to generate potable water from previously untapped orunder-tapped sources is an essential element in ensuring the sustainability of any particular location. Accordingly, there exists a desire to remove salt and minerals from brackish water or seawater to be used for human consumption, agriculture or alternativeindustrial uses. Water-related problems are intensified in areas of increased water scarcity, electricity availability as well as the consequences of climate changes.
The water vapour (found in fog, mist clouds, mist, etc.) is the gaseous form of water. While the majority of the air that we breathe is composed of oxygen and nitrogen it is also possible for water vapour to be detected in it. Humidity refers to the level of water vapour within the air body. Temperature and pressure also influence the quantity of water vapour that a body can hold. With constant pressure, the greater the temperature and pressure, the greater quantity of water vapour that a body of air can contain. Saturation refers to the maximum amount of water vapour that an air mixture can contain at a given temperature. Steam is the term used to describe pure water vapour. what is produced when you heat a mass of water up to 100.degree. C. A quantity of air at the temperature of 100.degree is considered saturated. The relative humidity refers to the amount of water vapour present in the air in relation to its saturation level. If an air mass is saturated at a high temperature, a reduction of temperature will decrease the volume of water vapour that the body of air can store. Condensate is formed when excess vapour of water is present. Condensate is the substance that is created by the water vapour.
Solar evaporation and Concentration is the process of making use of the solar energy from the sun to eliminate mineral and salt content from salty brines, brackish waters or seawater. By this method, an output water is produced having a lowersaline concentration than an input water. Two streams are generated through the use of solar energy to power an evaporation process that produces an evaporate solution as well as the concentrated salty brine solution. This is naturally occurring through the cycle of water. The heat from sunlight and humid air (i.e. air ) is then mixed with water vapour, that rises and forms clouds. The clouds then condense and form rain in the end.
There are numerous methods of desalinating water. This includes physical, chemical and electrical processes. However, these techniques can require a great deal of energy input or upfront expenses to produce outputs of desalinated water. The apparatuses may also consume a significant amount of space in order to accommodate the complex and expensive components. They can also generate toxic by-products and demand large amounts of energy and process chemicals. These systems can only function properly in specific locations.
Accordingly, there exists a need for a novel system, which is modular and can be deployed anywhere (in land, on floating platforms in seas and oceans), with minimal infrastructure/installation, labour with an extended lifecycle.
An example water desalinator is divided into two components which are a reaction vessel and condenser. The reaction vessel receives a salt water input from an input source, and direct sunlight from a source of light (such as the sun). The inputwater is stored in the form of a basin. A lens is utilized to focus the solar rays onto a thermal conductor. Surface humidity is produced by the process of evaporation that occurs in the basin. Water is also pumped from the basin to the thermal conductor. The water vapour is immediately evaporated and the conductor’s surfaces are left to absorb any water. To ensure maximum relative humidity, this water vapour is mixed with the air inside a reaction vessel. Any condensation that occurs in the reaction vessel will be removed through multiple drainage ports. Condenser discharges humid air from the vessel that is in reaction.
The humid air is taken through the condenser in the reaction vessel. Through a heat exchanger, the humid air is condensed to generate output water having lower salinity than input water. The heat exchanger makes use of the coolant (or coolerfeedwater) to take the heat of humid air and to lower the saturation level. Condensate then is produced.
The present invention relates to the water desalinator. It comprises: a reaction container, which is designed to receive saltywater, as well as an evaporation basin. The basin is equipped with an open surface that allows water to evaporate. A pump is used to heat the saltywater. An output vent is used to drain humidity from the reaction vessels.
Other aspects concern the solar concentration method and humidification. the method involving: receiving salty water from an input source and storing it in a vessel for reaction that includes an area of a basin; the process of evaporating at a minimum a portion of the salty water from the bottom of the basin until it rises up to the top of the vessel; and then pumping the salty water out of the basin into the thermal conductor, which is then evaporated, and wherein the thermal conductor has been heated with a lens and said thermalconductor is variable temperatures across the radial distances that are from the center of it; releasing the air from the top of the vessel into a condenser; and condensing the air in the condenser to the form of distillate.
Other aspects concern a desalinator comprising: an intermodal container for shipping, the container for shipping containing the lower portion, which is a basin configured to store salty water, and an upper portion, with the upper portion containing a lens andthermal conductor configured to receive salty water pumped out of the basin, generating humid air and drainage panels that are positioned between the lower and upper portion, the drainage panels designed to remove and capture condensate that is formed inside the shipping container, in which the humid air is output to a condenser for condensation of water vapour, creating a lower pressure inside the intermodal shipping container.
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2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, scan the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you use to describe your invention if you fail to get any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in step 1.
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