Water desalinator utilizes solar concentration, evaporation, humidification to mimic the natural cycle of hydrological cycles. It creates freshwater from brackish, salt and brines as well as a concentrate stream for further processing. A basin can be used to store and absorb feed water. The process of evaporation and storage water within the basin results in surface humidity. Lenses are used to focus sunlight, tracked by the sun’s path, based on biomimicry of a sunflower, on a thermal conductor. The thermal conductor has an elongated side-profile, and produces a variable temperature across its radius. In order to produce water vapour, water is then pumped from the basin into a sprinkler head. This water vapour consequently mixes with the air in the reaction vessel to increase the humidity of the system. The humid air is then removed from the reaction vessel, and then condensed by condenser. Accordingly, the salinity concentration of input water is reduced in the output of the vessel that is used for reaction. Multiple reaction vessels or concentrators may be combined to achieve improved performance.

The majority of the water that flows through the world is saltwater. As access to fresh water supplies (for drinking, irrigation and industrial uses) continues to be an issue throughout the world, the ability to generate potable water from previously untapped orunder-tapped sources is an essential element in ensuring the sustainability of any particular location. Accordingly, there exists a desire to remove salt and minerals from brackish water or seawater to be used for human consumption, agriculture or alternativeindustrial uses. Water-related problems are intensified in areas of increased water scarcity, electricity availability as well as the consequences of climate changes.

The water vapour (found in fog, mist clouds, mist, etc.) is the gaseous form of water. While the majority of the air that we breathe is composed of oxygen and nitrogen it is also possible for water vapour to be detected in it. Humidity refers to the level of water vapour within the air body. Temperature and pressure also influence the quantity of water vapour that a body can hold. With constant pressure, the greater the temperature and pressure, the greater quantity of water vapour that a body of air can contain. Saturation refers to the maximum amount of water vapour that an air mixture can contain at a given temperature. Steam is the term used to describe pure water vapour. what is produced when you heat a mass of water up to 100.degree. C. A quantity of air at the temperature of 100.degree is considered saturated. The relative humidity refers to the amount of water vapour present in the air in relation to its saturation level. If an air mass is saturated at a high temperature, a reduction of temperature will decrease the volume of water vapour that the body of air can store. Condensate is formed when excess vapour of water is present. Condensate is the substance that is created by the water vapour.

Solar evaporation and Concentration is the process of making use of the solar energy from the sun to eliminate mineral and salt content from salty brines, brackish waters or seawater. By this method, an output water is produced having a lowersaline concentration than an input water. Two streams are generated through the use of solar energy to power an evaporation process that produces an evaporate solution as well as the concentrated salty brine solution. This is naturally occurring through the cycle of water. The heat from sunlight and humid air (i.e. air ) is then mixed with water vapour, that rises and forms clouds. The clouds then condense and form rain in the end.

There are numerous methods of desalinating water. This includes physical, chemical and electrical processes. However, these techniques can require a great deal of energy input or upfront expenses to produce outputs of desalinated water. The apparatuses may also consume a significant amount of space in order to accommodate the complex and expensive components. They can also generate toxic by-products and demand large amounts of energy and process chemicals. These systems can only function properly in specific locations.

Accordingly, there exists a need for a novel system, which is modular and can be deployed anywhere (in land, on floating platforms in seas and oceans), with minimal infrastructure/installation, labour with an extended lifecycle.

An example water desalinator is divided into two components which are a reaction vessel and condenser. The reaction vessel receives a salt water input from an input source, and direct sunlight from a source of light (such as the sun). The inputwater is stored in the form of a basin. A lens is utilized to focus the solar rays onto a thermal conductor. Surface humidity is produced by the process of evaporation that occurs in the basin. Water is also pumped from the basin to the thermal conductor. The water vapour is immediately evaporated and the conductor’s surfaces are left to absorb any water. To ensure maximum relative humidity, this water vapour is mixed with the air inside a reaction vessel. Any condensation that occurs in the reaction vessel will be removed through multiple drainage ports. Condenser discharges humid air from the vessel that is in reaction.

The humid air is taken through the condenser in the reaction vessel. Through a heat exchanger, the humid air is condensed to generate output water having lower salinity than input water. The heat exchanger makes use of the coolant (or coolerfeedwater) to take the heat of humid air and to lower the saturation level. Condensate then is produced.

The present invention relates to the water desalinator. It comprises: a reaction container, which is designed to receive saltywater, as well as an evaporation basin. The basin is equipped with an open surface that allows water to evaporate. A pump is used to heat the saltywater. An output vent is used to drain humidity from the reaction vessels.

Other aspects concern the solar concentration method and humidification. the method involving: receiving salty water from an input source and storing it in a vessel for reaction that includes an area of a basin; the process of evaporating at a minimum a portion of the salty water from the bottom of the basin until it rises up to the top of the vessel; and then pumping the salty water out of the basin into the thermal conductor, which is then evaporated, and wherein the thermal conductor has been heated with a lens and said thermalconductor is variable temperatures across the radial distances that are from the center of it; releasing the air from the top of the vessel into a condenser; and condensing the air in the condenser to the form of distillate.

Other aspects concern a desalinator comprising: an intermodal container for shipping, the container for shipping containing the lower portion, which is a basin configured to store salty water, and an upper portion, with the upper portion containing a lens andthermal conductor configured to receive salty water pumped out of the basin, generating humid air and drainage panels that are positioned between the lower and upper portion, the drainage panels designed to remove and capture condensate that is formed inside the shipping container, in which the humid air is output to a condenser for condensation of water vapour, creating a lower pressure inside the intermodal shipping container.

Click here to view the patent on USPTO website.

Get Patents with PatentPC

What is a patent?

Granted by the government to safeguard an invention, patents grant the inventor with exclusive rights to develop, utilize, sell and promote the invention? Society gains when a new technology is introduced to the market. The benefits can be directly realized when people can achieve previously impossible feats, or indirectly via the opportunities which innovation can bring (business growth, jobs).

Patent protection is sought out by many universities and pharmaceutical companies for development and research. Patents can be granted for the creation of a product, process or method for making new materials. In order to be granted protection under a patent, an invention has to be beneficial unique, innovative, and not obvious to other people within the same area.

Patents give inventors a chance to be recognized for commercially viable inventions. They serve as a motivator for inventors to create. Small businesses and inventors are assured that they will get an income from their investment in technology development via patents. It means that they can make a living by their work.

Companies that are able to:

Create and protect innovative products and services;

Enhance the visibility and worth of your products on market

Make your brand stand out from the rest.

Access technical and business knowledge and information;

Avoid using content from third parties or you risk losing important information, creative outputs, and other outputs.

Patents effectively transform the inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which creates new opportunities to create jobs and boost expansion of business through licensing or joint ventures.

Small-scale businesses with patent protection will be more attractive to investors involved in the commercialization of technology.

Patenting could lead to the development of new ideas and inventions. The information you create may be eligible for protection under patents.

Patents can be used to serve as an effective deterrent for untrustworthy third parties who profit from the efforts of an invention.

Patent-protected technology revenue that is commercially profitable could be used to fund research and development (R&D), which will improve the chances of a better technology in the near future.

Intellectual ownership of property is a way to convince lenders and investors that there are real opportunities to commercialize your product. Sometimes, a single patent can lead to multiple financing opportunities. You can utilize patents and other IP assets as collateral or security financing. Investors can also see your patent assets in order to boost the value of their company. Forbes and others have pointed out that each patent could increase the value of a company by anything from $500,000 to $1 million.

Startups require a carefully-crafted business plan that is built on the IP to demonstrate that your product/service is unique and superior or ingenuous. Additionally, investors will be impressed if you show that your IP rights are secure or on the verge of becoming secure, and that they are in line with your business plan.

It is essential to keep an invention secret before submitting a patent application. The public divulging an invention could often damage its novelty and render it invalid. The filing of disclosures prior to filing, for example, for investors, test-marketing or any other business partners, is best done only after signing a confidentiality contract.

There are many types of patents. Understanding them is crucial to protect your invention. Utility patents are for new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the most beneficial because they shield the proprietor from copycats and other competitors. In most cases, utility patents are issued for alterations or improvements to existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to improve or alter existing inventions. A process patent could cover the acts or methods of performing a specific act. A chemical composition could be an amalgamation of components.

What is the length of time a patent will last? Utility patents last 20 years from the earliest date of filing, however their expiration dates can be extended because of delays in the patent office, for example.

Are you considering the patenting of your idea? Since patents are only granted for applicants who are first to file and you must start filing quickly. Call an attorney for patents at PatentPC to patent your idea now!

A patent search is essential when you are preparing your patent application. This will allow you to see other ideas and give you an insight into their inventions. This allows you to restrict the potential of your invention. Additionally, you’ll be able to be aware of the current state of technology in your area of invention. This will allow you to comprehend the scope of your invention and help prepare you for filing your patent application.

How to Search for Patents

The first step to obtain the patent you want is to perform a patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. After the patent application has been filed, the product that is covered by the patent application could be called patent-pending, and you can find the patent application online on the public pair. After the patent office has approved the patent application, you will be able to perform a patent search to locate the issued patent, and your product will now be patented. Alongside the USPTO search engine, you may also use other search engines such as espacenet as described below. You can get help from a patent lawyer. In the US patents are issued through the US patent and trademark office, or the United States patent and trademark office, which also examines trademark applications.

Are you looking for similar patents? Here are the steps to follow:

1. Think of terms that describe your invention according to its function, composition, or use.

Write down a brief, but precise explanation of your invention. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Think about synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Also, make note of key technical terms and key words.

Utilize the following questions to help you determine keywords or concepts.

  • What is the purpose of the invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is inventing a method to make something or carry out an action? Does it constitute a product?
  • What is the basis of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
  • What is the purpose of the invention?
  • What are technical terms and keywords that describe the essence of an invention? To find the appropriate terms, use the technical dictionary.

2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications at the Classification Text Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification to your invention, scan the class scheme of the classification (class schedules). Think about substituting the words you use to describe your invention if you fail to get any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in step 1.

3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition to confirm the validity of the CPC classification you have found. The link to a CPC classification definition is available when the classification you have selected has a blue box that includes “D” on its left. CPC classification definitions can help identify the specific classification’s scope and therefore you’re sure to select the one you consider to be the most appropriate. These definitions may also include research tips or other suggestions that could be helpful for further study.

4. Get patent documents using the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. You can search and narrow down the relevant patent publications focusing first on the abstract and the drawings that are representative.

5. This selection of patent publication is the most appropriate to look at for any connections to your idea. Pay attention to the claims and specifications. It is possible to find additional patents by referring to the patent examiner as well as the applicant.

6. Search for patent applications that have been published using the CPC classification you chose in Step 3 of the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can apply the same search strategy as Step 4, narrowing your results to the most relevant patent application by examining the abstract and representative drawings on each page. The next step is to review the patent applications that have been published carefully with particular attention paid to the claims and other drawings.

7. Locate additional US patents by keyword searching in PatFT or AppFT databases, classification searching of non-U.S. patents as described below, and searching for non-patent patent disclosures in the literature of inventions using internet search engines. Here are a few examples:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.