A hybrid infrared focal plan array may be utilized to photograph objects in the infrared spectrum. It may comprise an FE and a BEND portion. Multiple electrically conductive bump bond may be used to couple the FE section to the BE. The FE portion may include nano-electronic circuits that are integrated with an array of imaging infrared pixels. CNT electronic circuits can be constructed to generate a multiplexed output signal. The BE part could include electronic circuits that are implemented on a substrate, and then designed to produce output signals that read out. A count of the multiple electrically conductive bump bond may be substantially less than the infrared image pixels of the array.

Modern infrared focal plane arrays (IRFPAs) can comprise an semiconductor (IR) absorbent substance as well as a readout-integrated circuit (ROIC). Physically, the absorbing material may be a wafer of an exotic semiconductor such as indiumantimonide (InSb) or mercury-cadmium-telluride (MCT), whereas the ROIC may be integrated with a silicon substrate. Due to the incompatibility between the silicon substrate and absorbing material the bump bonding procedure is commonly used for connecting the FPA to the ROIC. Bump bonding can involve In (In) bumps. Each bump has a diameter of around.about.15 millimeters. This restricts the size of the FPA’s feature. As an example, for mid-wave IR pixels, they are not optically restricted until well below 8 microns. However, a lot of IRFPA’s feature 15 micron pixels because 8 micron bumps might not produce as the desired results. In addition it is possible that an IRFPA could have at least one bump bond for each one pixel that allows each pixel of the absorbent material’s light current is collected within its ROIC. Because of these constraints the largest IRFPA currently could be limited to around 10 million pixels. As a result, there is a need for design concepts for small size arrays with high radiationperformance.

In certain aspects the apparatus for infrared imaging may include a hybrid infrared focal plane array that includes an front-end (FE) portion and an back-end (BE) portion. The FE portion may be coupled to the BE portion via multiple electricallyconductive bump bonds. Nano-electronic circuits could be integrated with an array infrared imaging pixel array to create the FE portion. Multiplexed output signals could be feasible with nano-electronic devices. The BE section can include electronic circuits built on a substrate that are specifically designed to generate readout signals. A count of the numerous electrically conductive bump bond may be considerably smaller than the infrared imaging pixels of the array.

In different ways there is a method to provide an infrared focal planar hybrid array could include the provision of an part of the FE that is composed of nano-electronic circuits coupled with an array of infrared imaging pixels and generating multiplexed output signals. ABE portion including electronic circuits constructed on a substrate and generating output signals that readout can be provided. The FE portion may be coupled to the BE portion by multiple electrically conductive bump bonds. The count of multipleelectrically conductive bump bond may be significantly lower than the count of infrared imaging pixels.

In various other ways the device used that uses infrared imaging could include an infrared focal plane array (IUM) coupled with nano-electronic circuits that form an F plane that is configured to generate multiplexed output signals that correspond to a variety of pixels. An CMOS electronic circuit back-end (BE) plane could be configured to receive the multiplexed output signals as well as to generate readout output signals. Multiple electrically conductive bump bonds can be used to connect the FE plane with the BEplane. The number of electrically conductive buffers may be proportional to the plurality.

In order to assist users to comprehend the specifics of the disclosure, this is a brief outline of the most important features. The claims will also describe additional benefits and characteristics of the disclosure.

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The government grants patents to protect an invention patents give the inventor with the exclusive right to create, use to sell, and promote the invention? Society benefits when a innovative technology is introduced into the marketplace. The benefits may be the direct sense, since it can allow people to accomplish previously unattainable things, or indirectly through the economic opportunities (business expansion and job creation) that innovation provides.

Many pharmaceutical companies and researchers at universities seek patent protection for their work and research. Patents can be granted to the creation of a product, process or method of creating new materials. Patent protection is granted to an invention that is useful unique, innovative, and not yet known by other people in the same area.

Patents are a way to honor inventors who have commercially profitable inventions. They serve as a motivator for inventors to invent. Small-scale businesses and inventors are assured that they will get an income from the investment they make in technology advancement through patents. This means they will be able to earn a living from their work.

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Patents transform the knowledge of inventors into an asset that can be sold, which creates new opportunities for employment creation by licensing joint ventures and joint ventures.

Small-scale businesses with patent protection will be more attractive to investors involved in the commercialization and development of technology.

Patenting can generate fresh ideas and innovative inventions. The information you create may be eligible for protection under patents.

Patents can be used to stop untrustworthy third-party companies from earning through the work of inventions.

Commercially successful patent-protected technology revenues could be used to finance the development of technology through research and development (R&D) that will increase the chance of better technology in the future.

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A well-crafted business plan is crucial for start-ups. It must be built on IP and demonstrate the way your product or service is distinctive. Investors will also be impressed if you have IP rights are secured or are in the process of becoming secure and they endorse your business plan.

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There are many kinds of patents. Understanding the different types is crucial to protect your invention. Utility patents cover new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are the best as they protect the owner from copycats and competition. Most often, utility patents are issued for improvements or modifications to existing inventions. Utility patents can also be used to cover improvements and modifications to existing inventions. A process patent would be a way to describe the actions or methods of performing a particular act. However, a chemical composition could be a combination of ingredients.

What is the typical length of a patent? Patents for utility last for 20 years from the earliest filing dates, but their expiration dates can be extended due to delays at the patent office such as.

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When drafting an application for patents when you are writing a patent application, it is recommended that you conduct an online patent search. the search can provide some insight into other people’s ideas. You’ll be able to narrow down the nature of your idea. Additionally, you’ll be able to learn about state of the technological advancements in your field of innovation. You’ll get a better understanding of what your invention ought to be, and you’ll be better prepared to write your patent application.

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The first step to get your patent is to conduct the patent search. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Once the patent application is submitted, the product that is covered by the application can be called patent-pending, and you will be able to locate the patent application on a public pair. Once the patent office has approved your application, you’ll be able to conduct an online search for a patent number and locate the issued patent. Your product now has the potential to be patentable. You can also use the USPTO search engine. See below for details. A patent lawyer or patent attorney can advise you on the process. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office as well as the United States Patent and Trademark office. The office also evaluates trademark applications.

Interested in finding more similar patents? Here are the steps:

1. Think of terms that describe your invention according to its function composition, use, or purpose.

Write down a brief, precise description of your idea. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Instead, consider synonyms to the terms you initially chose. Next, note important technical terms and keywords.

Utilize the following questions to help you determine the keywords or concepts.

  • What is the purpose of the invention Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Is the invention a way of making something or a function? Or is it a product or process?
  • What is the composition and function of the invention? What is the physical makeup of the invention?
  • What is the goal of the invention?
  • What are the terms used in technical terminology and terms that describe the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you find the appropriate words.

2. Utilize these terms to locate pertinent Cooperative Patent Classifications for your invention at the Classification Text Search Tool. To find the most appropriate classification for your invention, scan the resulting classification’s class Schemes (class schedules). Consider substituting the words you use for describing your invention, if you don’t get any results from your Classification Text Search with synonyms such as the terms you used in Step 1.

3. Go through the CPC Classification Definition to verify the validity of the CPC classification that you have found. If the chosen classification is a blue square which contains “D” The hyperlink to the CPC classification definition will be displayed. CPC classification definitions can help determine the scope of the classification and therefore you’re sure to select the most relevant. They may also provide search tips or other suggestions that can be useful for further research.

4. The Patents Full-Text Database and the Image Database allow you to search for patent documents that have the CPC classification. By focusing on the abstracts and drawings that are representative it will narrow your search to find the most relevant patent publications.

5. Use this selection of the most relevant patent publications to look at each one thoroughly for similarities to your idea. Pay attention to the claims and specification. Contact the applicant as well as the patent examiner for additional patents.

6. Retrieve published patent applications with the CPC classification you picked in Step 3 from the Applications Full-Text and Image Database. You can also use the same search strategy that you utilized in Step 4 to narrow down your search results to only the most relevant patent applications by reviewing the abstracts and drawings for every page. Then, you must carefully review the patent applications published and pay particular attention to the claims as well as additional drawings.

7. You can find additional US patent publications by keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also the classification search of patents that are that aren’t from the United States as in the following table. Additionally, you can utilize web search engines to search for non-patent-related literature disclosures about inventions. For example:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.