Microsoft Corporation (Redmond, WA)

Many exemplary metadirectories, methods or systems contain delta information, state information, and/or error information in order to simplify metadirectory administration or operation. A metadirectory built on a hologram, a number of deltas, and details about an object’s location in directories is an excellent one. Metadirectories can be used to represent an object with one or more processing states that are dependent on deltas and hologram. Various other exemplary metadirectories methods, systems, and systems are also disclosed.

A lot of companies store important data in multiple data sources. Human resource departments may store information about employees in a data source that is used for human resource. This information is organized or arranged in accordance with a hierarchy or data structure that is specific to human resource. Information about clients, suppliers, employees and others could be stored in a data source for finance. This example shows that some common data may be found departmental information structures or hierarchy. Therefore, the need for synchronizing the information arises.

Synchronizing processes usually employ rules or specifications to properly integrate data from various sources. A synchronizing procedure may rely on an engine that can execute software and storage devices that are able to store the information. In general, a process of synchronization replicates information from various data sources in a central storage which ensures that the data has some degree of integrity. Information from various sources is either pulled or transferred into the synchronizing process to accomplish this task. In addition, information may be pulled or pushed from the central storage unit to other data sources. It can be difficult to ensure integrity and efficiency in this kind of environment. This task can be met by the various exemplary devices, methods or systems that are listed below.

Many metadirectories, methods, and/or systems can include state information, error information, or delta information. This information is utilized to aid in the administration and operation of metadirectories. A hologram as well as an aplurality of deltas are used to represent information about objects in metadirectories. A metadirectory that is exemplary could represent the object with one or more processing states based on the hologram, and any of the plurality of deltas. Other metadirectories that are exemplary or systems are also disclosed.

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Granted by the government to protect an invention, patents grant the inventor with the exclusive right to develop, utilize to sell, and market the invention?society is benefited when a brand innovative technology is introduced to the market. The benefits can be realized directly by people who are able to achieve previously impossible feats, or indirectly through the economic benefits that innovation offers (business growth, jobs).

Patent protection is demanded out by many university researchers and drug companies for research and development. Patents can be granted for products, processes, or method of making new materials. Patent protection must be granted to an invention that is useful, novel, and not previously known to others in the same field.

Patents are awarded to inventors who have commercially viable inventions. They provide a reason for inventors to come up with new ideas. Patents allow inventors and small companies to be confident that there’s a good chance they will receive a return for their time, effort and money spent on the development of technology. This means they will be able to earn a living from their work.

Patents play essential roles in companies, and they can:

Secure new products and services that are innovative;

Improve the value, the popularity, and appeal of your products market;

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Find out about business and technical information.

Beware of accidentally using content from third parties or losing valuable information, original outputs, or any other outputs that are creative.

Patents transform inventor’s knowledge into a marketable asset, which opens up new opportunities to create jobs through joint ventures and licensing.

Investors who are involved in the commercialization and development of technology will find small companies with patent protection more appealing.

Patenting can lead to innovations and new ideas. This information can encourage creativity and could be eligible to be protected by patents.

Patents can serve as an effective deterrent for untrustworthy third parties profiting from an invention’s efforts.

Patent-protected technology revenues that are commercially profitable could be used for financing technological research and development (R&D), which can increase the chance of a better technology in the near future.

You can use the intellectual property rights of your company to convince investors and lenders that your product is a viable commercial potential. One patent that is powerful could lead to many financing opportunities. Patents as well as other IP assets are able to be used as collateral or as security for debt financing. Investors can also see the patents you own to increase their company valuation. Forbes and other sources have pointed out that every patent could add anywhere from $500,000 to one million dollars to company valuation.

Start-ups need a solid business plan that builds on the IP to prove that your product or service is unique superior, innovative, or superior. In addition, investors will be impressed if you can prove that your IP rights are secured or are in the process of becoming secure and that they support your business plan.

It is crucial to keep your invention secret until you file for patent protection. Public disclosure of an invention can frequently devalue its originality and render it invalid. Thus, prior filing disclosures (e.g. for testing-marketing investors, test-marketing, or any other business partners) should only be filed after signing a confidentiality agreement.

There are many types of patents. Knowing them is essential to protect your invention. Utility patents are for new processes and machine creations. Design patents cover ornamental designs. Utility patents are best and protect the owner against copies and competitors. Utility patents are often granted to enhance or modify existing inventions. Utility patents also cover improvements and changes in existing inventions. For example, a process patent will be able to cover actions or methods of performing an action, while chemical compositions are an assortment of components.

What is the average length of a patent? Patents for utility last for 20 years from the initial filing dates, but their expirations may be extended because of delays at the patent office, for example.

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A patent search is a must when you’re drafting an application for patent. This will enable you to discover other concepts and provide insight into their potential. You’ll be able limit the nature of your idea. In addition, you can discover the latest art in your field of invention. You’ll get a better understanding of what your invention ought to be, and you’ll be more prepared to submit the patent application.

How to Search for Patents

A patent search is the first step in obtaining your patent. You can do a google patent search or do a USPTO search. Patent-pending is the term for the product protected by the patent application. You can search the public pair to find the patent application. When the patent office has endorsed the patent application, you can perform a patent search to find the issued patent, and your product has now been granted a patent. You can also utilize the USPTO search engine. See below for details. It is possible to seek help from a patent attorney or patent attorney. Patents in the United States are granted by the US trademark and patent office as well as the United States patent office. The office also examines trademark applications.

Are you looking for similar patents? These are the steps to follow:

1. Create a list of terms for your invention in relation to its intended, composition, or use.

Write down a brief detailed description of your invention. Be sure to avoid using terms that are generic such as “device,” “process,” and “system.” Consider synonyms for the terms you chose initially. Next, note important technical terms and key words.

To help you identify terms and keywords, you can use the following questions.

  • What is the objective of this invention? Is it a utilitarian device or an ornamental design?
  • Invention is a method to make something or carry out an action? Is it an item?
  • What is the basis of the invention? What is the physical composition of the invention?
  • What is the goal of this invention?
  • What are the terms in the technical field and keywords that define the nature of an invention? A technical dictionary can help you locate the right words.

2. Use these terms to find relevant Cooperative Patent Classifications on the Classification Text Search Tool. If you’re not able to determine the correct classification to describe your invention, scan through the Schemas of classes (class schedules). If you do not get results using the Classification Text Search, you might consider substituting your words for describing your invention using synonyms.

3. Check the CPC Classification Definition for confirmation of the CPC classification you’ve found. The link to the CPC classification definition is available if the chosen classification title has a blue box that includes “D” to the left. CPC classification definitions will aid you in determining the classification’s scope so that you can select the one that is most appropriate. Additionally, these definitions can include research tips and other suggestions that may be useful to further study.

4. Get patent documents using the CPC classification from the Patents Full-Text and Image Database. By focusing on the abstracts and illustrations it is possible to narrow your search for the relevant patent documents.

5. Utilize this selection of most pertinent patent documents to examine each in detail for similarity to your own invention. Pay attention to the specification and claims. Refer to the applicant and patent examiner for additional patents.

6. You can retrieve published patent applications that fit the CPC classification that you chose in Step 3. You can use the same search strategy in Step 4 to narrow your results to the most relevant patent applications by examining the abstract and representative drawings that appear on each page. Next, carefully examine the patent applications that have been published and pay particular attention to the claims and the additional drawings.

7. You can search for other US patent publications by keyword searching in AppFT or PatFT databases, and also search for patents classified as that aren’t from the United States as per below. Additionally, you can make use of search engines on the internet to find non-patent documents that describe inventions in the literature. For example:

  • Add keywords to your search. Keyword searches may turn up documents that are not well-categorized or have missed classifications during Step 2. For example, US patent examiners often supplement their classification searches with keyword searches. Think about the use of technical engineering terminology rather than everyday words.
  • Search for foreign patents using the CPC classification. Then, re-run the search using international patent office search engines such as Espacenet, the European Patent Office’s worldwide patent publication database of over 130 million patent publications. Other national databases include:
  • Search non-patent literature. Inventions can be made public in many non-patent publications. It is recommended that you search journals, books, websites, technical catalogs, conference proceedings, and other print and electronic publications.

To review your search, you can hire a registered patent attorney to assist. A preliminary search will help one better prepare to talk about their invention and other related inventions with a professional patent attorney. In addition, the attorney will not spend too much time or money on patenting basics.