Katz Water Tech, LLC (Houston, TX)
What is a Patent for Apparatus, method and system to eliminate contaminants from liquids that are contaminated
A system, apparatus and method to remove the vapors of a fluid that are contaminated is described. The device could be an altered heat exchanger. The device has an inlet wherein fluid that is contaminated flows through the device through the inlet. There are at least two outlets, wherein one outlet exits purified vapor. The second outlet is an outlet through which contaminated fluid that has some of it removed as purified vapor exits the apparatus and an energy source which allows the contaminated fluid to heat to a temperature wherein at least a portion of the contaminated fluid is converted to purified vapor; at least two different flow pathways from at least one inlet to the first outlet and second outlet The first and second flow pathways flow through at least one portion of the apparatus , wherein a difference causes the lighter purified vapor to take a different path than the heavier contaminated with the purified vapor leaving the first outlet and the contaminated fluid exiting the second outlet.
This section is designed to provide the reader with numerous aspects of art which could be connected to the embodiments of this invention. This section is designed to provide information that will aid the reader in understanding specific techniques used in this invention. This is why these statements are to be read as such and not as admissions to prior knowledge.
The relation between energy, water, and industrial activities is synergistic. To move water from one place in order to allow businesses, industry and individuals to function it requires energy. Water however is crucial to create energy, and to run businesses and industry.
A significant factor that determines the final amount of water that a power plant and some industrial plants need is the cooling system. The majority of power plants are either an “once-through” system or a cooling “tower.” The once-through method draws water from an area of water like, for example, an aquifer, a river, or lakes. The power plant circulates the water through the system to generate electricity before releasing it into the atmosphere. The tower circulates the water, instead of releasing it. However, the tower consumes much more water since the water is evaporated, while the once-through system returns the water to the river or lake.
Steam generated from liquids or water is utilized for various purposes including heating, cooling and powering many devices including steam turbines to produce electricity. Fluids can cause corrosion, scaling, and other problems. These corrosions often require expensive substances that are extremely resistant to corrosion. Furthermore, excessive corrosion may cause costly replacement of parts and increased labor costs. This increases the cost of steam. Contaminated fluids can increase the boiling point of fluids, which requires more energy to make steam. This can lead to less efficient steam production and higher expenses. One solution isto use fresh water that is free of contaminants. The issue with fresh water is that the water is required for agriculture and human consumption. There isn’t enough fresh water in certain areas to satisfy human and agricultural requirements. This can make it expensive and difficult to use fresh water for steam generation. The challenge with removing contaminants from fluids is that the equipment and processes required are very expensive due to the large amount of equipment needed andthe amount of energy required to utilize the equipment. It is therefore necessary to develop apparatuses and methods that efficiently and cost-effectively remove contaminates from liquids in steam production.
Scaling is another problem in the case of water with impurities. The process of scaling occurs when contaminants such as salt form in the fluid and then attach to equipment. In excess, it can cause a plant equipment to fail. Scaling becomes moreprevalent as temperature increases and contaminates grow. A lot of plants that require water don’t use salt water because of the possibility of scaling.
Certain areas of the world are experiencing a shortage of fresh water due to the increase in population and industrialization. There are a variety of ways and devices that purify contaminated water and create fresh water suitable for commercial, agricultural, and personal consumption. Reverse osmosis (or membrane technology) is the current best method to purify contaminated water and purify it. The technology is expensive to construct and to operate due to the quantity of energy and equipment required. It is not a new concept to utilize steam generation to purify water. There are devices that can utilize directed energy to remove purified steam from contaminated fluids like water. Others have proposedcombining steam generation for power generation and other purposes to purify water. These processes are not economically feasible due to the rising cost of equipment and the decrease in efficiency. In the end, there is a need to improve the efficiency of the existing technology to efficiently and economically eliminate contaminates from water. This invention fulfills that need.
One embodiment discloses an apparatus. The apparatus is described in this embodiment as having an inlet through which liquids contaminated flow through at least two outlets, where one outlet is where purified vapor exits as well as a second outlet where the contaminated liquid with some of it removed exits the apparatus; an energy source that heats the contaminated water to temperatures where a portion of it is converted into purified vapor. There must be at least two flow paths connecting the outlet and the inlet. The first and second flow paths are able to flow through at least one portion of the apparatus and gravity variations cause the purified vapor that is lighter to travel a different path than the heavier contaminated fluid with the purified vapor exiting the first outlet and the contaminated fluid stream existing the second outlet.
In a second embodiment the method disclosed is. This embodiment comprises: creating an apparatus with at minimum one outlet and at most two inlets connected to an energy source which can concentrate energy on the contaminated liquid; using gravity to separate at least some of the more heavily contaminated liquid from the lighter purified vapour state within the apparatus, and then directing the purified vapour state of the liquid through the first outlet, and then transferring the contaminated solution through the second outlet.
The above summary is not meant to provide a comprehensive overview of each possible embodiment or all aspects of the present disclosure.
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